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Mol Cell Proteomics. 2010 Apr;9(4):682-94. doi: 10.1074/mcp.M900435-MCP200. Epub 2010 Jan 5.

Global phosphoproteomics identifies a major role for AKT and 14-3-3 in regulating EDC3.

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  • 1Diabetes and Obesity Program, Garvan Institute of Medical Research, Sydney, Australia.


Insulin plays an essential role in metabolic homeostasis in mammals, and many of the underlying biochemical pathways are regulated via the canonical phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase/AKT pathway. To identify novel metabolic actions of insulin, we conducted a quantitative proteomics analysis of insulin-regulated 14-3-3-binding proteins in muscle cells. These studies revealed a novel role for insulin in the post-transcriptional regulation of mRNA expression. EDC3, a component of the mRNA decay and translation repression pathway associated with mRNA processing bodies, was shown to be phosphorylated by AKT downstream of insulin signaling. The major insulin-regulated site was mapped to Ser-161, and phosphorylation at this site led to increased 14-3-3 binding. Functional studies indicated that induction of 14-3-3 binding to EDC3 causes morphological changes in processing body structures, inhibition of microRNA-mediated mRNA post-transcriptional regulation, and alterations in the protein- protein interactions of EDC3. These data highlight an important new arm of the insulin signaling cascade in the regulation of mRNA utilization.

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