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Bone. 2010 Apr;46(4):1006-10. doi: 10.1016/j.bone.2009.12.025. Epub 2010 Jan 4.

Changes in trabecular microarchitecture in postmenopausal women on bisphosphonate therapy.

Author information

1
University of Pittsburgh, Department of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA. greenspans@dom.pitt.edu

Abstract

PURPOSE:

In addition to bone mineral density (BMD), trabecular microstructure contributes to skeletal strength. Our goal was to examine changes in trabecular microstructure in women on therapy.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

We followed 10 postmenopausal women receiving a bisphosphonate, risedronate (35 mg once weekly), over 12 months and examined trabecular microarchitecture with high resolution wrist MR images (hr-MRI). MRI parameters included bone volume/total volume (BV/TV), surface density (representing plates), curve density (representing rods), surface-to-curve ratio and erosion index (depicting deterioration). We assessed BMD of the spine, hip and radius and markers of bone turnover.

RESULTS:

Women had been receiving bisphosphonate therapy for 43+/-9 months (mean+/-SD) prior to the first MRI. Indices of hr-MRI demonstrated improvement in surface-to-curve ratio (13.0%) and a decrease in erosion index (12.1%) consistent with less deterioration (both p<0.05). BMD of the spine, hip and radius and markers of bone turnover remained stable. Parameters of hr-MRI were associated with 1/3 distal radius BMD (correlation coefficient 0.71 to 0.86, p<0.05).

DISCUSSION:

We conclude that hr-MRI of the radius demonstrates improvements in trabecular microstructure not appreciated by conventional BMD and provides additional information on parameters that contribute to structural integrity in patients on antiresorptive therapy.

PMID:
20051275
PMCID:
PMC3889111
DOI:
10.1016/j.bone.2009.12.025
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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