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Wiley Interdiscip Rev Nanomed Nanobiotechnol. 2009 Sep-Oct;1(5):540-52. doi: 10.1002/wnan.47.

Nanotechnology in joint replacement.

Author information

  • 1CINN-CSIC, Universidad de Oviedo, Parque Tecnológico de Asturias, Llanera, Asturias, Oviedo, Spain. r.torrecillas@cinn.es

Abstract

This paper reviews the most relevant achievements and new developments in the field of nanomaterials and their possible impact on the fabrication of a new generation of reliable and longer lasting implants for joint replacement. Special emphasis is given to the role of nanocomposites with different microstructural designs: micro-nano composites, nano-nano composites, macro-micro-nano composites as well as bioinspired hierarchical composite materials. These nanostructured materials have opened up an exciting avenue in the design of non-metallic biocompatible, crack growth resistant, tough, and mechanically resistant implants with a lifespan close to the life expectancy of the patients.

PMID:
20049816
DOI:
10.1002/wnan.47
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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