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Indian J Dermatol. 2009;54(1):62-4. doi: 10.4103/0019-5154.48991.

Childhood herpes zoster: a clustering of ten cases.

Author information

1
Department of Skin and STD, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal, India. drsmithaprabhu@yahoo.com

Abstract

Herpes zoster occurs due to reactivation of the latent varicella zoster virus and is usually a disease of the elderly. Childhood herpes zoster is believed to be rare, though recent studies suggest increasing incidence in children. Here we report ten cases of childhood herpes zoster, seven of which occurred within a short span of six months, at a tertiary care level hospital in Pokhara, Nepal. Only three of the ten children reported previous history of varicella infection and none was immunized against varicella. Though childhood herpes zoster accounted for less than 1% of the total zoster cases in the past, recent reports show an increase in the number of cases in apparently healthy children. So far, no studies have been done linking childhood herpes zoster with HIV, though there are many studies linking it with other immunocompromised conditions.

KEYWORDS:

Childhood herpes zoster; human immunodeficiency virus; immunocompetent

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