Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Genes Dev. 2010 Jan 1;24(1):72-85. doi: 10.1101/gad.1843810.

A coordinated phosphorylation by Lats and CK1 regulates YAP stability through SCF(beta-TRCP).

Author information

  • 1Department of Pharmacology and Moores Cancer Center, University of California at San Diego, La Jolla, California 92093-0815, USA.


The Yes-associated protein (YAP) transcription coactivator is a key regulator of organ size and a candidate human oncogene. YAP is inhibited by the Hippo pathway kinase cascade, at least in part via phosphorylation of Ser 127, which results in YAP 14-3-3 binding and cytoplasmic retention. Here we report that YAP is phosphorylated by Lats on all of the five consensus HXRXXS motifs. Phosphorylation of Ser 381 in one of them primes YAP for subsequent phosphorylation by CK1delta/epsilon in a phosphodegron. The phosphorylated phosphodegron then recruits the SCF(beta-TRCP) E3 ubiquitin ligase, which catalyzes YAP ubiquitination, ultimately leading to YAP degradation. The phosphodegron-mediated degradation and the Ser 127 phosphorylation-dependent translocation coordinately suppress YAP oncogenic activity. Our study identified CK1delta/epsilon as new regulators of YAP and uncovered an intricate mechanism of YAP regulation by the Hippo pathway via both S127 phosphorylation-mediated spatial regulation (nuclear-cytoplasmic shuttling) and the phosphodegron-mediated temporal regulation (degradation).

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center