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Clin Microbiol Infect. 2010 Nov;16(11):1649-55. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-0691.2009.03155.x.

In-vitro activities of tetracyclines, macrolides, fluoroquinolones and clindamycin against Mycoplasma hominis and Ureaplasma ssp. isolated in Germany over 20 years.

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1
Institute for Infection Medicine, University Medical Center Schleswig-Holstein, Christian Albrecht University of Kiel, Germany. krausse@infmed.uni-kiel.de

Abstract

Antimicrobial resistance in genital mycoplasmas is increasing and shows global variation. We determined the susceptibilities of 469 mycoplamas, comprising 290 Mycoplasma hominis and 179 ureaplasma isolates collected during 1983 and 1989-2004, to eleven antibacterials by agar dilution. Additionally, we analyzed the results of routine E-testing during 2005-2008. Doxycycline was the most active tetracycline with (MIC₉₀ of 1 and 8 mg/L for ureaplasmas and M. hominis, respectively. Significantly more M. hominis isolates (approximately 10-13%) than ureaplasmas (approximately 1-3%) were resistant to tetracyclines. Ofloxacin was effective against both species (>95% susceptibility). Ciprofloxacin was moderately active against M. hominis and less active against ureaplasmas (70.3% and 35.2% susceptibility, respectively). Clarithromycin and josamycin were the most potent macrolides (MIC₉₀ of 0.5 mg/L) against ureaplasmas. Erythromycin had the lowest activity (MIC₉₀ of 8 mg/L) against ureaplasmas like clindamycin which was the most potent agent against M. hominis. Cross-resistance was found between tetracyclines (53-93%), macrolides and erythromycin (70-100%), and between erythromycin and ciprofloxacin (43-55%). M. hominis became more resistant to tetracyclines and fluoroquinolones between 1989 and 2004, although there was little change during 2005-2008. Ureaplasmas became more resistant to cipfloxacin during 1997 – 2004 and showed high resistance rates to erythromycin during 1989-2008. Doxycycline is still the drug of first-choice for the treatment of ureaplasmal infections and may be used for co-infection with M. hominis.

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