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Respir Res. 2009 Dec 30;10:129. doi: 10.1186/1465-9921-10-129.

Endothelin receptor antagonist and airway dysfunction in pulmonary arterial hypertension.

Author information

1
Department of Cardiology, Angiology and Respiratory Medicine, Heidelberg, Germany. an.dros@web.de

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

In idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension (IPAH), peripheral airway obstruction is frequent. This is partially attributed to the mediator dysbalance, particularly an excess of endothelin-1 (ET-1), to increased pulmonary vascular and airway tonus and to local inflammation. Bosentan (ET-1 receptor antagonist) improves pulmonary hemodynamics, exercise limitation, and disease severity in IPAH. We hypothesized that bosentan might affect airway obstruction.

METHODS:

In 32 IPAH-patients (19 female, WHO functional class II (n = 10), III (n = 22); (data presented as mean +/- standard deviation) pulmonary vascular resistance (11 +/- 5 Wood units), lung function, 6 minute walk test (6-MWT; 364 +/- 363.7 (range 179.0-627.0) m), systolic pulmonary artery pressure, sPAP, 79 +/- 19 mmHg), and NT-proBNP serum levels (1427 +/- 2162.7 (range 59.3-10342.0) ng/L) were measured at baseline, after 3 and 12 months of oral bosentan (125 mg twice per day).

RESULTS AND DISCUSSION:

At baseline, maximal expiratory flow at 50 and 25% vital capacity were reduced to 65 +/- 25 and 45 +/- 24% predicted. Total lung capacity was 95.6 +/- 12.5% predicted and residual volume was 109 +/- 21.4% predicted. During 3 and 12 months of treatment, 6-MWT increased by 32 +/- 19 and 53 +/- 69 m, respectively; p < 0.01; whereas sPAP decreased by 7 +/- 14 and 10 +/- 19 mmHg, respectively; p < 0.05. NT-proBNP serum levels tended to be reduced by 123 +/- 327 and by 529 +/- 1942 ng/L; p = 0.11). There was no difference in expiratory flows or lung volumes during 3 and 12 months.

CONCLUSION:

This study gives first evidence in IPAH, that during long-term bosentan, improvement of hemodynamics, functional parameters or serum biomarker occur independently from persisting peripheral airway obstruction.

PMID:
20042085
PMCID:
PMC2807428
DOI:
10.1186/1465-9921-10-129
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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