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J Med Chem. 2010 Feb 11;53(3):1370-82. doi: 10.1021/jm9016703.

Conjugates of desferrioxamine B (DFOB) with derivatives of adamantane or with orally available chelators as potential agents for treating iron overload.

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School of Medical Sciences (Pharmacology) and Bosch Institute, University of Sydney, New South Wales 2006, Australia.


Desferrioxamine B (DFOB) conjugates with adamantane-1-carboxylic acid, 3-hydroxyadamantane-1-carboxylic acid, 3,5-dimethyladamantane-1-carboxylic acid, adamantane-1-acetic acid, 4-methylphenoxyacetic acid, 3-hydroxy-2-methyl-4-oxo-1-pyridineacetic acid (N-acetic acid derivative of deferiprone), or 4-[3,5-bis(2-hydroxyphenyl)-1,2,4-triazol-1-yl]benzoic acid (deferasirox) were prepared and the integrity of Fe(III) binding of the compounds was established from electrospray ionization mass spectrometry and RP-HPLC measurements. The extent of intracellular (59)Fe mobilized by the DFOB-3,5-dimethyladamantane-1-carboxylic acid adduct was 3-fold greater than DFOB alone, and the IC(50) value of this adduct was 6- or 15-fold greater than DFOB in two different cell types. The relationship between logP and (59)Fe mobilization for the DFOB conjugates showed that maximal mobilization of intracellular (59)Fe occurred at a logP value approximately 2.3. This parameter, rather than the affinity for Fe(III), appears to influence the extent of intracellular (59)Fe mobilization. The low toxicity-high Fe mobilization efficacy of selected adamantane-based DFOB conjugates underscores the potential of these compounds to treat iron overload disease in patients with transfusional-dependent disorders such as beta-thalassemia.

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