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Hip Int. 2009 Oct-Dec;19(4):330-7.

Changes in whole blood metal ion levels following resurfacing: serial measurements in a multi-centre study.

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  • 1DePuy International Ltd, Leeds, UK.


Seventy-seven patients implanted with unilateral resurfacing prosthesis were recruited from four centres. Serial whole blood samples were collected and ion levels were analysed. In most cases, the ion levels stabilized by 3 months. The 24 month median ion levels were 1.49ug/l for chromium and cobalt. In approximately 50% of patients the increase in chromium and cobalt level was less than 1ug/l. There were 6 patients with abnormally high metal ion levels. Of these 4 were significant outliers, had high ion levels that became apparent between 12 and 24 months after implantation, and had a high cup abduction angle. Not all patients with high cup abduction angles demonstrated high levels. There were differences in ion levels between the four centres that correlated with variation in acetabular component placement. Variability in ion levels was seen with the same prosthesis, underscoring the importance of surgical technique, longitudinal analysis, and multi-centre trials.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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