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Indian J Pharmacol. 2008 Aug;40(4):147-51. doi: 10.4103/0253-7613.43160.

In vitro antioxidant activity of pet ether extract of black pepper.

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1
Sri Sai College of Pharmacy, Badhani, Pathankot, Gurdaspur, India.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To investigate the in vitro antioxidant activity of different fractions (R1, R2 and R3) obtained from pet ether extract of black pepper fruits (Piper nigrum Linn.)

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

The fractions R1, R2 and R3 were eluted from pet ether and ethyl acetate in the ratio of 6:4, 5:5 and 4:6, respectively. 1,1-Diphenyl-2-picryl-hydrazyl (DPPH) radical, superoxide anion radical, nitric oxide radical, and hydroxyl radical scavenging assays were carried out to evaluate the antioxidant potential of the extract.

RESULTS:

The free radical scavenging activity of the different fractions of pet ether extract of P. nigrum (PEPN) increased in a concentration dependent manner. The R3 and R2 fraction of PEPN in 500 microg/ml inhibited the peroxidation of a linoleic acid emulsion by 60.48+/-3.33% and 58.89+/-2.51%, respectively. In DPPH free radical scavenging assay, the activity of R3 and R2 were found to be almost similar. The R3 (100microg/ml) fraction of PEPN inhibited 55.68+/-4.48% nitric oxide radicals generated from sodium nitroprusside, whereas curcumin in the same concentration inhibited 84.27+/-4.12%. Moreover, PEPN scavenged the superoxide radical generated by the Xanthine/Xanthine oxidase system. The fraction R2 and R3 in the doses of 1000microg/ml inhibited 61.04+/-5.11% and 63.56+/-4.17%, respectively. The hydroxyl radical was generated by Fenton's reaction. The amounts of total phenolic compounds were determined and 56.98 microg pyrocatechol phenol equivalents were detected in one mg of R3.

CONCLUSIONS:

P. nigrum could be considered as a potential source of natural antioxidant.

KEYWORDS:

Lipid peroxidation; Piper nigrum; phenolic compounds

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