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Diabetes Care. 2010 Mar;33(3):586-8. doi: 10.2337/dc09-1585. Epub 2009 Dec 29.

Preconception counseling in women with diabetes: a population-based study in the north of England.

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Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of South Carolina Arnold School of Public Health, Columbia, South Carolina, USA.


OBJECTIVE To investigate the association of preconception counseling with markers of care and maternal characteristics in women with pregestational diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS The study includes data from a regional multi-center survey on 588 women with pregestational diabetes who delivered a singleton pregnancy between 2001 and 2004. Logistic regression was used to obtain crude and adjusted estimates of association. RESULTS Preconception counseling was associated with better glycemic control 3 months preconception (odds ratio 1.91, 95% CI 1.10-3.04) and in the first trimester (2.05, 1.39-3.03), higher preconception folic acid intake (4.88, 3.26-7.30), and reduced risk of adverse pregnancy outcome (P = 0.027). Uptake of preconception counseling was positively associated with type 1 diabetes (1.87, 1.14-3.07) and White British ethnicity (2.56, 1.17-5.6) and negatively with deprivation score (0.78, 0.70-0.87). CONCLUSIONS Efforts are needed to improve preconception counseling rates. Uptake is associated with maternal sociodemographic characteristics.

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