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Nat Neurosci. 2010 Feb;13(2):253-60. doi: 10.1038/nn.2466. Epub 2009 Dec 27.

The descending corticocollicular pathway mediates learning-induced auditory plasticity.

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1
Department of Physiology, Anatomy and Genetics, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK.

Abstract

Descending projections from sensory areas of the cerebral cortex are among the largest pathways in the brain, suggesting that they are important for subcortical processing. Although corticofugal inputs have been shown to modulate neuronal responses in the thalamus and midbrain, the behavioral importance of these changes remains unknown. In the auditory system, one of the major descending pathways is from cortical layer V pyramidal cells to the inferior colliculus in the midbrain. We examined the role of these neurons in experience-dependent recalibration of sound localization in adult ferrets by selectively killing the neurons using chromophore-targeted laser photolysis. When provided with appropriate training, animals normally relearn to localize sound accurately after altering the spatial cues available by reversibly occluding one ear. However, this ability was lost after eliminating corticocollicular neurons, whereas normal sound-localization accuracy was unaffected. The integrity of this descending pathway is therefore critical for learning-induced localization plasticity.

PMID:
20037578
PMCID:
PMC3634157
DOI:
10.1038/nn.2466
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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