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Neurosci Lett. 2010 Feb 5;470(1):60-4. doi: 10.1016/j.neulet.2009.12.056. Epub 2009 Dec 29.

Cerebellar neurometabolite abnormalities in pediatric attention/deficit hyperactivity disorder: a proton MR spectroscopic study.

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Unitat de Recerca en Neurociència Cognitiva (URNC), Department of Psychiatry, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona (UAB), Spain.


We designed a case-control proton magnetic resonance spectroscopic study comparing the cerebellar and prefrontal regions of a group of 17 ADHD (attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder) medicated children and a group of 17 control children matched for laterality, gender and age. As we had found decreased gray matter volume in the right prefrontal region and the left cerebellar hemisphere in a previous voxel-based morphometry study conducted on an independent ADHD sample, we tested the hypothesis that these regions should show neurometabolite abnormalities. MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) was performed with a 1.5 T system; spectral acquisition was performed with a single-voxel technique and a PRESS sequence. Two volumes of interest were selected in the right prefrontal region and the left cerebellar hemisphere. NAA (N-acetylaspartate), Cre (creatine), Cho (choline), MI (myo-inositol) and Glx (glutamate-glutamine) resonance intensities were absolutely quantified. In the left cerebellar hemisphere, ADHD children showed significant decreased MI and NAA absolute concentrations with high effect sizes (p=0.004, ES=1.184; p=0.001, ES=1.083). The diminished absolute concentration of the NAA could be related to a gray matter volume decrease in the same cerebellar region found in the previous voxel-based morphometry MRI study, while the reduced MI absolute concentration could express a decreased glial density. This is the first proton MR spectroscopic study examining the cerebellum and it provides additional support for the role of cerebellum in the ADHD neurobiology.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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