Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Neurosci Lett. 2010 Feb 5;470(1):65-70. doi: 10.1016/j.neulet.2009.12.059. Epub 2009 Dec 29.

Increased blood vessel density and endothelial cell proliferation in multiple sclerosis cerebral white matter.

Author information

1
Peninsula Medical School, University of Exeter, St Luke's Campus, Magdalen Road, Exeter, EX1 2LU, United Kingdom. janet.holley@pms.ac.uk

Abstract

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is primarily considered an inflammatory demyelinating disease, however the role of vasculature in MS pathogenesis is now receiving much interest. MS lesions often develop along blood vessels and alterations in blood brain barrier structure and function, with associated changes in the basement membrane, are pathological features. Nevertheless, the possibility of angiogenesis occurring in MS has received little attention. In this study we used triple label enzyme immunohistochemistry to investigate blood vessel density and endothelial cell proliferation in MS samples (n=39) compared with control tissue to explore evidence of angiogenesis in MS. The results showed that in all MS samples examined blood vessel density increased compared with controls. The greatest increase was found in subacute lesions where numbers of positively stained vessels increased from 43.9+/-8.5% in controls to 84.2+/-13.3% (P=0.001). Furthermore, using an antibody against endoglin (CD105), a specific marker of proliferating endothelial cells, which are characteristic of angiogenesis, we have shown that vessels containing proliferating endothelial cells were more pronounced in all MS tissue examined (normal-appearing white matter, acute, subacute and chronic lesions, P>or=0.027) compared with control and this was greatest in the MS normal-appearing white matter (68.8+/-19.8% versus 10.58+/-6.4%, P=0.003). These findings suggest that angiogenesis may play a role in lesion progression, failure of repair and scar formation.

PMID:
20036712
DOI:
10.1016/j.neulet.2009.12.059
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center