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Am J Pathol. 2010 Feb;176(2):1038-49. doi: 10.2353/ajpath.2010.090700. Epub 2009 Dec 24.

Perforin-independent extracellular granzyme B activity contributes to abdominal aortic aneurysm.

Author information

1
James Hogg Research Laboratories, Providence Heart and Lung Institute, St. Paul's Hospital, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, V6Z 1Y6.

Abstract

Granzyme B (GZMB) is a serine protease that is abundantly expressed in advanced human atherosclerotic lesions and may contribute to plaque instability. Perforin is a pore-forming protein that facilitates GZMB internalization and the induction of apoptosis. Recently a perforin-independent, extracellular role for GZMB has been proposed. In the current study, the role of GZMB in abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) was assessed. Apolipoprotein E (APOE)(-/-) x GZMB(-/-) and APOE(-/-) x perforin(-/-) double knockout (GDKO, PDKO) mice were generated to test whether GZMB exerted a causative role in aneurysm formation. To induce aneurysm, mice were given angiotensin II (1000 ng/kg/min) for 28 days. GZMB was found to be abundant in both murine and human AAA specimens. GZMB deficiency was associated with a decrease in AAA and increased survival compared with APOE-KO and PDKO mice. Although AAA rupture was observed frequently in APOE-KO (46.7%; n = 15) and PDKO (43.3%; n = 16) mice, rupture was rarely observed in GDKO (7.1%; n = 14) mice. APOE-KO mice exhibited reduced fibrillin-1 staining compared with GDKO mice, whereas in vitro protease assays demonstrated that fibrillin-1 is a substrate of GZMB. As perforin deficiency did not affect the outcome, our results suggest that GZMB contributes to AAA pathogenesis via a perforin-independent mechanism involving extracellular matrix degradation and subsequent loss of vessel wall integrity.

PMID:
20035050
PMCID:
PMC2808106
DOI:
10.2353/ajpath.2010.090700
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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