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Parkinsonism Relat Disord. 2010 Aug;16(7):478-81. doi: 10.1016/j.parkreldis.2009.11.011. Epub 2010 Jan 19.

Botulinum toxin type A in simple motor tics: short-term and long-term treatment-effects.

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1
Department of Neurology and Clinical Neurophysiology, Haga Hospital, Leyweg 275, The Hague, The Netherlands. jjgrath@hotmail.com

Abstract

To determine the short-term and long-term treatment-effects of botulinum toxin type A in simple motor tics, we analyzed 15 consecutive patients (18 tics) with simple motor tics that were treated every 3 months with injections of BTX-A. Efficacy (rated on a 4-level scale) and duration of effect of the first 2 and last 2 (if treated 5 times or more) treatments were recorded, as well as latency of response, changes of premonitory urges (PMUs) and possible side effects. Total number of treatments for each tic varied from 2 to 50 (mean 11, median 6). In 16 of 18 tics (89%) short-term efficacy was reported successful (good or moderate). Long-term efficacy was reported in 12 tics of which 11 showed similar or even increased beneficial effects. Premonitory urge (PMU) was reported in 8 patients (53%). PMU, if present, lessened or disappeared after treatment with BTX-A. A permanent remission of the treated tic was seen in 3 patients with a maximum follow-up of 10 years. BTX-A appears a safe and effective treatment for simple motor tics and retains its efficacy after long-term treatment. BTX may also induce permanent remission of the treated tics and effects of BTX are not restricted to merely motor behaviour.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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