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Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 2010 Apr;149(2):195-8. doi: 10.1016/j.ejogrb.2009.11.019. Epub 2009 Dec 23.

A new approach to postoperative peritoneal adhesions: prevention of peritoneal trauma by aloe vera gel.

Author information

1
Istanbul Educational and Research Hospital, Turkey. dr@webcerrah.com

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Covering peritoneal surfaces with aloe vera gel may prevent peritoneal trauma and hence postoperative peritoneal adhesions.

STUDY DESIGN:

Forty Wistar albino out-bred female rats (mean weight, 180+/-25 g; mean age, 6 months) were divided into four groups. In Group 1, 0.1 mL aloe vera gel was injected into the peritoneal cavities. In Group 2, peritoneal adhesions were induced. In Group 3, adhesions were induced and the modeled area was covered by 0.1 mL aloe vera gel. In Group 4, the area was covered with aloe vera gel prior to adhesion induction. The rats were sacrificed on postoperative day 10 and the adhesions were scored both microscopically and macroscopically.

RESULTS:

The mean macroscopic adhesion score in the four groups was 0, 5.8+/-0.42, 5.2+/-0.79, and 1.1+/-1.2 respectively, with the difference between Group 4 and Groups 2 (p<0.001) and 3 (p<0.05) statistically significant. The mean histopathological fibrosis values were significantly higher in Group 3 than in Group 4 (2.6+/-0.51 vs 1.2+/-0.91, p=0.002).

CONCLUSION:

Aloe vera gel can effectively decrease adhesion formation if applied before, but not after, after peritoneal trauma. This effect is likely due not to its chemical properties but to its viscosity, providing a covering to prevent peritoneal trauma.

PMID:
20031297
DOI:
10.1016/j.ejogrb.2009.11.019
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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