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Catheter Cardiovasc Interv. 2010 Feb 1;75(2):237-45. doi: 10.1002/ccd.22212.

Drug-eluting stent fracture: incidence, contributing factors, and clinical implications.

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Division of Cardiology, David Geffen School of Medicine at University of California, Los Angeles, California, USA.


Stent fracture has been observed in noncoronary vessels, especially in the superficial femoral and popliteal arteries and with bare metal stents in saphenous vein grafts of coronary arteries. Since the introduction of drug-eluting stents, stent fractures have also been reported in small studies and case reports. We reviewed these publications to assess what is known regarding the incidence, contributing factors, and clinical implications of drug-eluting stent fracture in coronary arteries. The reported rate of drug-eluting stent fracture in coronary arteries ranges from 1 to 8%, although much of the available literature is derived from single-center studies that are heterogeneous in their study methods. A higher risk of stent fracture may be associated with the right coronary artery location, excessive tortuosity or angulation of the vessel, overlapping stents, and longer stents. The closed-cell design of the Cypher stent has been associated with increased rigidity that may increase the risk of stent fracture, although these studies did not assess the overall outcomes between the Cypher and Taxus stents in a head-to-head comparison. Stent fracture has been shown by most studies to be associated with a statistically increased incidence of focal in-stent restenosis, and some have shown an increased risk of target lesion revascularization. Other complications observed with stent fracture include stent thrombosis, coronary aneurysms, myocardial infarction, and sudden death.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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