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Inflamm Bowel Dis. 2010 Jul;16(7):1108-17. doi: 10.1002/ibd.21176.

Variants at the 3p21 locus influence susceptibility and phenotype both in adults and early-onset patients with inflammatory bowel disease.

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  • 1Division of Gastroenterology & Endoscopy, Casa Sollievo della Sofferenza Hospital, IRCCS, San Giovanni Rotondo, Italy.



To date, a number of high-profile studies have yielded over 50 inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) disease genes/loci. The polymorphisms rs9858542 (BSN) and rs3197999 (MST1), on 3p21 locus, have been found associated with susceptibility to IBD. We aimed to replicate these associations in adult and early-onset cohorts of IBD Italian patients, by analyzing also potential gene-gene interactions with variants in NOD2/CARD15, IL23R, ATG16L1, and IRGM genes, and investigating genotype-phenotype correlation.


In all, 1808 patients with IBD, 855 with Crohn's disease (CD) and 953 with ulcerative colitis (UC), including 539 patients with their initial diagnosis <19 years of age, and 651 controls were analyzed for SNPs rs9858542 and rs3197999.


BSN and MST1 were significantly associated with either CD (P(rs9858542) 2.5 x 10(-7); P(rs3197999) 3.9 x 10(-7)), and UC (P(rs9858542) = 3.1 x 10(-4); P(rs3197999) = 8 x 10(-4)). Prevalence of these variants was significantly increased in both adult and early-onset IBD patients. After stepwise logistic regression, the 2 variants were associated in adult UC with distal colitis (P(rs9858542) = 0.013, odds ratio [OR] = 2.04, 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.16-3.59; P(rs3197999) = 0.018, OR 1.9, 95% CI 1.2-3.3), while the rs3197999 variant was inversely associated with occurrence of extraintestinal manifestations in adult CD(P = 0.017, OR 0.6, 95% CI 0.4-0.9).


We confirmed the association of BSN and MST1 with IBD susceptibility, either in the adult or the early-onset cohorts. These variants appeared to influence either the distal location of the disease in the UC cohort and extraintestinal manifestations in CD patients.

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