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J Med Chem. 1991 Mar;34(3):1043-9.

N6-substituted adenosine receptor agonists: potential antihypertensive agents.

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Department of Chemistry, Parke-Davis Pharmaceutical Research Division, Warner-Lambert Company, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48105.


Adenosine is known to exert a wide range of pharmacological effects including hypotension. This effect of adenosine suggested that modified analogues of adenosine might provide useful antihypertensive agents. Thus, we prepared a series of novel N6-benzocycloalkyladenosines and studied their receptor binding and antihypertensive activity. The structure-activity relationship study shows that the adenosine analogues having the hydrophobic phenyl moiety one carbon away from the C6-nitrogen have modest affinity and selectivity for the A1 receptor, whereas those with the phenyl moiety two carbons away from the C6-nitrogen have excellent affinity and selectivity for the A1 receptor. Many of these analogues showed excellent antihypertensive activity with a wide range of effects on heart rate. There is no direct correlation between the receptor binding affinities and antihypertensive activity; however, it is more closely associated with A1 than A2 affinity. The bradycardic effect of these agonists seems to be due to the A1 affinity. From this set, compound 3 was further evaluated in secondary antihypertensive screens. It lowered the blood pressure dose dependently with effects lasting for over 20 h following administration of a 30 mg/kg dose. Compound 3 was also effective in lowering blood pressure in a renal hypertensive rat model. Thus, appropriately modified N6-substituted adenosines represent a novel class of antihypertensive agents.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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