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J Periodontol. 1991 Jan;62(1):74-81.

Microbiological study of HIV-related periodontitis.

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Department of Periodontics, University of Pennsylvania School of Dental Medicine, Philadelphia.


The subgingival microbiota in 14 persons with HIV-periodontitis was examined. Subgingival plaque samples were collected with paper points, transported in VMGA III, and plated on anaerobic enriched brucella blood agar and various selective media. HIV-periodontitis sites revealed Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans, Wolinella recta, Peptostreptococcus micros, and Bacteroides intermedius, each averaging 7% to 16% of the cultivable subgingival flora in positive patients. High levels of spirochetes also were detected in diseased sites with phase-contrast microscopy. Low levels of Candida albicans or enteric Gram-negative rods were recovered in the subgingival flora in 7 HIV-periodontitis patients or Bacteroides fragilis, Fusobacterium necrophorum, Fusobacterium varium, and Eubacterium aerofaciens were recovered in 8 patients. These findings suggest that the major components of the subgingival microbial flora in HIV-periodontitis are similar to those associated with adult periodontitis in systemically healthy persons. However, HIV-periodontitis lesions also may contain organisms which are rarely found in common types of periodontitis. The etiological significance of specific periodontal organisms in HIV-periodontitis awaits further longitudinal study.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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