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Pain Med. 2009 Nov;10(8):1395-407. doi: 10.1111/j.1526-4637.2009.00746.x.

A mind-body program for older adults with chronic low back pain: results of a pilot study.

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1
Division of General Internal Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

Determine the impact of an 8-week mindfulness meditation program on disability, psychological function, and pain severity in community-dwelling older adults with chronic low back pain, and to test the education control program for feasibility.

DESIGN:

Randomized controlled trial. Participants. Forty community-dwelling older adults with moderate low back pain or greater for at least the previous 3 months. Intervention. Participants were randomized to an 8-week meditation program or an 8-week education control program.

OUTCOME MEASURES:

Disability, psychological function, and pain severity were assessed. The same measures were obtained for both groups at baseline, at the end of the program, and 4 months after program completion.

RESULTS:

Sixteen participants (80%) completed the meditation program and 19 (95%) completed the education program. Both the meditation and control group improved on measures of disability, pain, and psychological function, both at program completion and 4-month follow-up. The differences between the two groups did not reach statistical significance. The meditation group practiced mindfulness meditation a mean of 5 days/week (range 1-7) and mean of 31 minutes/session (range 22-48). At 4 months follow-up 14/16 (88%) participants continued to meditate.

CONCLUSION:

Both the intervention group and the education control group improved on outcome measures suggesting both programs had a beneficial effect. Participants continued to meditate on 4-month follow-up. The control program was feasible but not inert. Piloting the control program in mind-body research can inform the design of larger clinical trials.

PMID:
20021599
PMCID:
PMC2849802
DOI:
10.1111/j.1526-4637.2009.00746.x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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