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Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 1991 Mar;32(3):616-24.

Optical measurement of the axial eye length by laser Doppler interferometry.

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Institut für Medizinische Physik, Universität Wien, Vienna, Austria.


A new technique has been developed to determine the axial length of the human eye in vivo. Based on laser interferometry in conjunction with the Doppler technique, it uses partially coherent light. This new technique complies with laser safety regulations. High accuracy is achieved, the optical length (OL) can be determined within +/- 30 microns, and the reproducibility of the geometric eye length is greater than +/- 25 microns. Possible errors are discussed. First comparisons with the ultrasound technique yield good agreement for emmetropic subjects and for subjects with a myopia of up to 10 diopters. The advantages of the laser doppler interferometry (LDI) technique are high accuracy, high transversal resolution, and more comfort for the patient (it is a noncontact method; no anesthesia is needed). Possible future applications of LDI, like measurements of fundus profiles and of retinal thickness, are mentioned.

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