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Biol Reprod. 2010 Apr;82(4):706-13. doi: 10.1095/biolreprod.109.081307. Epub 2009 Dec 16.

ERBB receptor feedback inhibitor 1 regulation of estrogen receptor activity is critical for uterine implantation in mice.

Author information

1
Department of Molecular and Cellular Biology, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX 77030, USA.

Abstract

Normal endometrial function requires a balance of progesterone (P4) and estrogen (E2) effects. E2 acts to stimulate the proliferation of uterine epithelial cells, while P4 action inhibits E2-mediated proliferation of the epithelium. P4 through its cognate receptor, the P4 receptor (Pgr), has important roles in the establishment and maintenance of pregnancy. In previous studies, we have identified ERBB receptor feedback inhibitor 1 (Errfi1) as a downstream target of Pgr action in the uterus. Herein, we show that Errfi1 mRNA expression was significantly increased in the uterus after Day 2.5 of gestation. Its expression is also induced in the uterus by acute E2 treatment, and this induction is synergistically induced by chronic E2 and P4 treatment. Although it is known that conditional ablation of Errfi1 in the Pgr-positive cells (Errfi1(d/d)) results in infertility, the function of Errfi1 in reproductive biology has remained elusive. Using Errfi1(d/d) mice, we have identified Errfi1 as an important mediator of uterine implantation. Epithelial ESR1 and target genes were significantly increased in the uteri of Errfi1(d/d) mice. Our results identify a new signaling paradigm of steroid hormone regulation in female reproductive biology that adds insight into the underlying dysregulation of hormonal signaling in human reproductive disorders such as endometriosis and endometrial cancer.

PMID:
20018910
PMCID:
PMC2842487
DOI:
10.1095/biolreprod.109.081307
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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