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Ophthalmology. 2010 Feb;117(2):207-15.e1. doi: 10.1016/j.ophtha.2009.07.015.

Self-reported use of eye care among Latinos: the Los Angeles Latino Eye Study.

Author information

1
Division of General Internal Medicine and Health Services Research, David Geffen School of Medicine at University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To identify the prevalence and determinants of self-reported eye care use in Latinos.

DESIGN:

Population-based ocular epidemiologic study in Latinos aged 40+ years living in La Puente, California.

PARTICIPANTS:

A total of 5455 participants.

METHODS:

Univariate, multivariable, and stepwise logistic regression analyses were conducted to identify predisposing, enabling, and need variables associated with self-reported eye care use.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES:

Prevalence of self-reported use: eye care visit, having had a dilated examination in the past 12 months, ever having had a dilated examination, and odds ratios for factors associated with self-reported use.

RESULTS:

Overall, 36% of participants reported an eye care visit and 19% reported having a dilated examination in the past year. Fifty-seven percent reported ever having had a dilated eye examination. Greater eye care use was associated with older age, female gender, bilingual language proficiency (English and Spanish), more education, having health insurance, having a usual place for care, having a regular provider of care, a greater number of comorbidities, visual impairment, and lower vision-specific quality of life scores.

CONCLUSIONS:

Multiple modifiable factors are associated with greater use and access to eye care for Latinos. Modification of these factors should be a priority because visual impairment has significant impacts on well-being and mortality.

PMID:
20018380
PMCID:
PMC2835414
DOI:
10.1016/j.ophtha.2009.07.015
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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