Format

Send to

Choose Destination
PLoS One. 2009 Dec 16;4(12):e8174. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0008174.

Finding of the low molecular weight inhibitors of resuscitation promoting factor enzymatic and resuscitation activity.

Author information

1
A. N. Bach Institute of Biochemistry, RAS, Moscow, Russia.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Resuscitation promoting factors (RPF) are secreted proteins involved in reactivation of dormant actinobacteria, including Mycobacterium tuberculosis. They have been considered as prospective targets for the development of new anti-tuberculosis drugs preventing reactivation of dormant tubercle bacilli, generally associated with latent tuberculosis. However, no inhibitors of Rpf activity have been reported so far. The goal of this study was to find low molecular weight compounds inhibiting the enzymatic and biological activities of Rpfs.

METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS:

Here we describe a novel class of 2-nitrophenylthiocyanates (NPT) compounds that inhibit muralytic activity of Rpfs with IC(50) 1-7 microg/ml. Fluorescence studies revealed interaction of active NPTs with the internal regions of the Rpf molecule. Candidate inhibitors of Rpf enzymatic activity showed a bacteriostatic effect on growth of Micrococcus luteus (in which Rpf is essential for growth protein) at concentrations close to IC(50). The candidate compounds suppressed resuscitation of dormant ("non-culturable") cells of M. smegmatis at 1 microg/ml or delayed resuscitation of dormant M. tuberculosis obtained in laboratory conditions at 10 microg/ml. However, they did not inhibit growth of active mycobacteria under these concentrations.

CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE:

NPT are the first example of low molecular weight compounds that inhibit the enzymatic and biological activities of Rpf proteins.

PMID:
20016836
PMCID:
PMC2790607
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0008174
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Public Library of Science Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center