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J Subst Abuse Treat. 2010 Mar;38(2):97-107. doi: 10.1016/j.jsat.2009.09.004. Epub 2009 Dec 16.

A randomized experimental study of gender-responsive substance abuse treatment for women in prison.

Author information

  • 1UCLA Integrated Substance Abuse Programs, Los Angeles, CA 90025, USA. nmessina@ucla.edu

Abstract

This experimental pilot study compared postrelease outcomes for 115 women who participated in prison-based substance abuse treatment. Women were randomized to a gender-responsive treatment (GRT) program using manualized curricula (Helping Women Recover and Beyond Trauma) or a standard prison-based therapeutic community. Data were collected from the participants at prison program entry and 6 and 12 months after release. Bivariate and multivariate analyses were conducted. Results indicate that both groups improved in psychological well-being; however, GRT participants had greater reductions in drug use, were more likely to remain in residential aftercare longer (2.6 vs. 1.8 months, p < .05), and were less likely to have been reincarcerated within 12 months after parole (31% vs. 45%, respectively; a 67% reduction in odds for the experimental group, p < .05). Findings show the beneficial effects of treatment components oriented toward women's needs and support the integration of GRT in prison programs for women.

PMID:
20015605
PMCID:
PMC2815183
DOI:
10.1016/j.jsat.2009.09.004
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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