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Nucleic Acids Res. 2010 Mar;38(5):1461-77. doi: 10.1093/nar/gkp1147. Epub 2009 Dec 9.

Rad26p, a transcription-coupled repair factor, is recruited to the site of DNA lesion in an elongating RNA polymerase II-dependent manner in vivo.

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Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Southern Illinois University School of Medicine, 1245 Lincoln Drive, Carbondale, IL-62901, USA.


Rad26p, a yeast homologue of human Cockayne syndrome B with an ATPase activity, plays a pivotal role in stimulating DNA repair at the coding sequences of active genes. On the other hand, DNA repair at inactive genes or silent areas of the genome is not regulated by Rad26p. However, how Rad26p recognizes DNA lesions at the actively transcribing genes to facilitate DNA repair is not clearly understood in vivo. Here, we show that Rad26p associates with the coding sequences of genes in a transcription-dependent manner, but independently of DNA lesions induced by 4-nitroquinoline-1-oxide in Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Further, histone H3 lysine 36 methylation that occurs at the active coding sequence stimulates the recruitment of Rad26p. Intriguingly, we find that Rad26p is recruited to the site of DNA lesion in an elongating RNA polymerase II-dependent manner. However, Rad26p does not recognize DNA lesions in the absence of active transcription. Together, these results provide an important insight as to how Rad26p is delivered to the damage sites at the active, but not inactive, genes to stimulate repair in vivo, shedding much light on the early steps of transcription-coupled repair in living eukaryotic cells.

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