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Bioinformatics. 2010 Feb 15;26(4):470-7. doi: 10.1093/bioinformatics/btp679. Epub 2009 Dec 9.

A novel method for accurate one-dimensional protein structure prediction based on fragment matching.

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Division of Structural Chemistry, Stockholm University, Stockholm SE-106 91, Sweden.



The precise prediction of one-dimensional (1D) protein structure as represented by the protein secondary structure and 1D string of discrete state of dihedral angles (i.e. Shape Strings) is a prerequisite for the successful prediction of three-dimensional (3D) structure as well as protein-protein interaction. We have developed a novel 1D structure prediction method, called Frag1D, based on a straightforward fragment matching algorithm and demonstrated its success in the prediction of three sets of 1D structural alphabets, i.e. the classical three-state secondary structure, three- and eight-state Shape Strings.


By exploiting the vast protein sequence and protein structure data available, we have brought secondary-structure prediction closer to the expected theoretical limit. When tested by a leave-one-out cross validation on a non-redundant set of PDB cutting at 30% sequence identity containing 5860 protein chains, the overall per-residue accuracy for secondary-structure prediction, i.e. Q3 is 82.9%. The overall per-residue accuracy for three- and eight-state Shape Strings are 85.1 and 71.5%, respectively. We have also benchmarked our program with the latest version of PSIPRED for secondary structure prediction and our program predicted 0.3% better in Q3 when tested on 2241 chains with the same training set. For Shape Strings, we compared our method with a recently published method with the same dataset and definition as used by that method. Our program predicted at 2.2% better in accuracy for three-state Shape Strings. By quantitatively investigating the effect of data base size on 1D structure prediction we show that the accuracy increases by approximately 1% with every doubling of the database size.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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