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Vaccine. 2010 Feb 17;28(7):1838-46. doi: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2009.11.081. Epub 2009 Dec 14.

Enhancement of IL-10 bioactivity using an IL-10 peptide-based vaccine exacerbates Leishmania major infection and improves airway inflammation in mice.

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Department of Pediatrics and Child Health, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada.


IL-10 is a regulatory cytokine that plays important roles in promoting disease progression in cutaneous leishmaniasis and suppressing allergic responses in asthma. We sought to develop an IL-10 peptide-based vaccine for the control of IL-10-related diseases. To break self-tolerance, hepatitis B core antigen (HBcAg) was used as a carrier. The vaccine was prepared by inserting a peptide derived from mouse IL-10 into the carrier using gene recombination methods. This vaccine presented as virus-like particles, bound to polyclonal anti-IL-10 antibodies, and induced high titers of IL-10-specific IgG. The in vivo effects of the vaccine were investigated in a murine model of cutaneous leishmaniasis. Unexpectedly, vaccinated mice developed larger cutaneous lesions, harbored significantly more parasites, and cells from lymph nodes produced higher amounts of parasite-specific IL-4, IL-10 and IFN-gamma in cultures. Further in vitro studies showed that serum IL-10-specific IgG from vaccinated mice significantly enhanced IL-10 bioactivity dose-dependently. This enhancing effect was confirmed in OVA-induced asthmatic mice. Vaccinated mice exhibited a significant decrease in airway eosinophils, lung inflammation, goblet hyperplasia, and levels of serum OVA-specific IgE, compared to control mice. We concluded that the IL-10 vaccine enhances the bioactivity of IL-10 in vitro and in vivo, providing a potential therapeutic approach in diseases associated with insufficient IL-10 production.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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