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Syst Appl Microbiol. 2010 Jan;33(1):15-9. doi: 10.1016/j.syapm.2009.11.002. Epub 2009 Dec 14.

Proposal to assign Aeromonas diversa sp. nov. as a novel species designation for Aeromonas group 501.

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Departament de Microbiologia i Parasitologia Sanitàries, Facultat de Farmàcia, Universitat de Barcelona, Av. Joan XXIII s/n, 08028 Barcelona, Spain.


The Aeromonas group 501, also named Aeromonas sp. HG13, is taxonomically close to A. schubertii. Results obtained in previous studies, including DNA-DNA hybridization and DNA fingerprinting, suggest that Aeromonas group 501 could constitute a different Aeromonas species. In this work we have performed a polyphasic study with the two strains comprising the Aeromonas sp. HG13 in order to propose a formal species name. They could be differentiated from A. schubertii by the indole and lysine decarboxylase tests and the utilization of l-lactate. Phenotypically, both strains were also easily separated from the other Aeromonas species. Sequence analysis of the 16S rRNA gene showed high sequence similarities (>97%) between Aeromonas group 501 and all Aeromonas species. Nevertheless, sequence divergences of cpn60, dnaJ, gyrB and rpoD genes were higher than the intraspecific threshold values established for each gene (3.5%, 3.3%, 2.3% and 2.6%, respectively), while sequence divergences between strains CDC 2478-85(T) and CDC 2555-87 were low (0.6-1.1%). The DNA G+C content of the type strain was 62.2mol%. Phenotypic and genotypic evidence strongly suggests that the Aeromonas group 501 is a novel species of the genus Aeromonas, for which the name Aeromonas diversa sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is CDC 2478-85(T) (=CECT 4254(T)=ATCC 43946(T)=LMG 17321(T)).

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