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Immunity. 2009 Dec 18;31(6):953-64. doi: 10.1016/j.immuni.2009.09.021. Epub 2009 Dec 10.

Chemokine-induced Zap70 kinase-mediated dissociation of the Vav1-talin complex activates alpha4beta1 integrin for T cell adhesion.

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Cellular and Molecular Medicine Program, Centro de Investigaciones Biológicas (CSIC), 28040 Madrid, Spain.


Lymphocyte integrins mediate cell arrest on endothelium during immune surveillance after activation by chemokine-stimulated inside-out signals. Here we show that a Vav1-talin complex in T cells is a key target for chemokine-triggered inside-out signaling leading to integrin alpha4beta1 activation. Thus, Vav1 dissociation from talin was required to generate high-affinity alpha4beta1 conformations. Assembly of the Vav1-talin complex required PtdIns(4,5)P(2), which was provided by talin-bound phosphatidylinositol phosphate kinase Igamma. Chemokine-promoted Vav1 dissociation from talin followed an initial increase in talin binding to alpha4beta1. This process was dependent on ZAP-70, which binds to and phosphorylates Vav1 in the complex, leading to further alpha4beta1 activation and cell adhesion strengthening. Moreover, Vav1-talin dissociation was needed for Rac1 activation, thus indicating that alpha4beta1 and Rac1 activation can be coupled by chemokine-stimulated ZAP-70 function. Our data suggest that Vav1 might function as a repressive adaptor of talin that must dissociate from alpha4beta1-talin complexes for efficient integrin activation.

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