Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Pain. 2010 Feb;148(2):275-83. doi: 10.1016/j.pain.2009.11.011. Epub 2009 Dec 11.

Spinal macrophage migration inhibitory factor contributes to the pathogenesis of inflammatory hyperalgesia in rats.

Author information

State Key Laboratory of Pharmaceutical Biotechnology, School of Life Science, Nanjing University, Jiangsu, China.


Pro-inflammatory cytokine production after nociceptive stimuli is pivotal for hyperalgesia. As macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF), a pleiotropic cytokine produced mainly by nonneuronal tissue, has been involved in the regulation of neuronal functions, herein we examined the role for MIF in formalin-induced inflammatory pain model. MIF critically contributed to nociceptive behaviors following formalin injection. Specifically, spinal administration of a MIF inhibitor (ISO-1) prevented and reversed flinching responses in rats. Further examination showed that levels of both MIF and the MIF receptor CD74 were substantially increased within the ipsilateral spinal cord dorsal horn after formalin administration. Mechanistic studies revealed that MIF upregulated the expression of the spinal NMDA receptor subunit NR2B via the MAPK signaling pathway. Moreover, microglial cells were found to be the major source of spinal MIF after formalin administration by fluorescence colocalization. These data highlight spinal MIF plays a critical role in the pathogenesis of formalin-induced inflammatory pain and suggest MIF may be a potential target for therapy of such pathological condition.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
    Loading ...
    Support Center