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Eur J Radiol. 2010 Aug;75(2):e32-7. doi: 10.1016/j.ejrad.2009.11.007. Epub 2009 Dec 8.

Pre-treatment hemodynamic features involved with long-term survival of cirrhotic patients after embolization of gastric fundal varices.

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Department of Medicine and Clinical Oncology, Chiba University Graduate School of Medicine, 1-8-1 Inohana, Chuou-ku, Chiba 260-8670, Japan.



To clarify the pre-treatment hemodynamic features involved in the long-term survival of cirrhotic patients with gastric fundal varices (FV) after balloon-occluded retrograde transvenous obliteration (B-RTO).


Eighty-one cirrhotic patients with medium- or large-grade FV treated by B-RTO were enrolled in this retrospective study. Pre-treatment flow volume ratio between gastric vein and portal trunk (GP-R) was obtained by Doppler ultrasound.


The cumulative survival rate was 90% at 1 year, 74.8% at 3 years, 57.2% at 5 years, and 45.8% at 7 years without recurrence in a median period of 1148.5 days The survival was poorer in patients with HCC (47% at 3 years, 9.4% at 5 years, p<0.0001) than without (89.2% at 3 years, 81.9% at 5 years, 67.5% at 7 years), in patients with Child B/C (57.7% at 3 years, 42.1% at 5 years, 28.1% at 7 years, p=0.0016) than with Child A (91.8% at 3 years, 71.5% at 5 years, 62.1% at 7 years), and in patients with GP-R > or = 1.0 (58.9% at 3 years, p=0.0485) than with GP-R<1.0 (76.3% at 3 years, 62% at 5 years, 49.6% at 7 years). Multivariate analysis identified the presence of HCC (hazard ratio, 12.486; 95% CI, 4.08-38.216; p<0.0001), Child B/C (hazard ratio, 3.41; 95% CI, 1.594-7.15; p=0.0051) and GP-R > or = 1.0 (hazard ratio, 2.701; 95% CI, 1.07-6.15; p=0.0221) as independent factors for poor prognosis.


GP-R > r= 1.0 on Doppler ultrasound before B-RTO may be a predictive indicator for poor prognosis in cirrhotic patients with FV after B-RTO, in addition to the presence of HCC and severe liver damage.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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