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Acta Paediatr. 2010 Jun;99(6):888-95. doi: 10.1111/j.1651-2227.2009.01636.x. Epub 2009 Dec 11.

Dietary and lifestyle counselling reduces the clustering of overweight-related cardiometabolic risk factors in adolescents.

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The Research Centre of Applied and Preventive Cardiovascular Medicine, University of Turku, Turku, Finland.



The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of individualised dietary and lifestyle counselling, primarily aimed to decrease serum low-density lipoprotein cholesterol, on the clustering of overweight-related cardiometabolic risk factors in children.


The 7-month-old study children were randomized either to counselling (n = 540) or control group (n = 522).


The 5- to 15-year-old participants who fulfilled the international criteria were classified as overweight. Being in the highest [lowest for high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol] age- and gender-specific quintile of body mass index (BMI), blood pressure, serum triglycerides, HDL cholesterol or glucose was considered a risk factor. A cluster was defined as having high BMI and > or = 2 other risk factors.


The counselling did not reduce the prevalence of overweight in 5- to 15-year-old participants. From age 7 onwards, the proportion of children with > or = 2 risk factors was lower in the intervention than in the control group (p = 0.005). At the age of 15 years, 13.0% of girls and 10.8% of boys in the intervention group and 17.5% of girls and 18.8% of boys in the control group had the risk factor cluster (p = 0.046 for main effect of the study group). Having even one risk factor at the age of 5 years predicted the clustering of risk factors at the age of 15 years (OR: 3.8, p < 0.001).


Repeated, individualized dietary and lifestyle counselling may reduce the clustering of overweight-related cardiometabolic risk factors in adolescents even though the counselling is not intense enough to prevent overweight.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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