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World J Gastroenterol. 2009 Dec 14;15(46):5859-63.

Two synchronous somatostatinomas of the duodenum and pancreatic head in one patient.

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The First Surgical Clinic, Clinical Center of Serbia, Koste Todorovića 6, Belgrade 11000, Serbia.


Somatostatinomas are extremely rare neuroendocrine tumors of the gastrointestinal tract, first described in the pancreas in 1977 and in the duodenum in 1979. They may be functional and cause somatostatinoma or inhibitory syndrome, but more frequently are non-functioning pancreatic endocrine tumors that produce somatostatin alone. They are usually single, malignant, large lesions, frequently associated with metastases, and generally with poor prognosis. We present the unique case of a 57-year-old woman with two synchronous non-functioning somatostatinomas, one solid duodenal lesion and one cystic lesion within the head of the pancreas, that were successfully resected with a pylorus-preserving Whipple's procedure. No secondaries were found in the liver, or in any of the removed regional lymph nodes. The patient had an uneventful recovery, and remains well and symptom-free at 18 mo postoperatively. This is an extremely rare case of a patient with two synchronous somatostatinomas of the duodenum and the pancreas. The condition is discussed with reference to the literature.

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