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J Biol Chem. 2010 Feb 5;285(6):4224-31. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M109.081018. Epub 2009 Dec 8.

Celastrol inhibits Hsp90 chaperoning of steroid receptors by inducing fibrillization of the Co-chaperone p23.

Author information

1
Center for Molecular Chaperone Radiobiology and Cancer Virology, Medical College of Georgia, Augusta, Georgia 30912, USA. achadli@mcg.edu

Abstract

Hsp90 is an ATP-dependent molecular chaperone. The best characterized inhibitors of Hsp90 target its ATP binding pocket, causing nonselective degradation of Hsp90 client proteins. Here, we show that the small molecule celastrol inhibits the Hsp90 chaperoning machinery by inactivating the co-chaperone p23, resulting in a more selective destabilization of steroid receptors compared with kinase clients. Our in vitro and in vivo results demonstrate that celastrol disrupts p23 function by altering its three-dimensional structure, leading to rapid formation of amyloid-like fibrils. This study reveals a unique inhibition mechanism of p23 by a small molecule that could be exploited in the dissection of protein fibrillization processes as well as in the therapeutics of steroid receptor-dependent diseases.

PMID:
19996313
PMCID:
PMC2823561
DOI:
10.1074/jbc.M109.081018
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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