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Clin Cancer Res. 2009 Dec 15;15(24):7726-7736.

Clinical Benefit of Allogeneic Melanoma Cell Lysate-Pulsed Autologous Dendritic Cell Vaccine in MAGE-Positive Colorectal Cancer Patients.

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Authors' Affiliations: Department of Medical Oncology, National Cancer Centre, Singapore; DanDrit Biotech A/S, Copenhagen, Denmark; Singapore General Hospital, Singapore; and The Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark.



We evaluated the clinical benefit of an allogeneic melanoma cell lysate (MCL)-pulsed autologous dendritic cell (DC) vaccine in advanced colorectal cancer patients expressing at least one of six MAGE-A antigens overexpressed by the cell line source of the lysate.


DCs were cultured from peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC), pulsed with the allogeneic MCL, and matured using cytokines that achieved high CD83- and CCR7-expressing DCs. Each patient received up to 10 intradermal vaccinations (3-5 x 10(6) cells per dose) at biweekly intervals.


Twenty patients received a total of 161 vaccinations. Treatment was well tolerated and quality of life measurements did not vary much across time. One patient experienced partial response [5%; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1-24%] and seven achieved stable disease (35%; 95% CI, 18-57%), one of whom also achieved late tumor regression, yielding a clinical benefit response rate of 40% (95% CI, 22-61%). Although overall median progression-free survival was 2.4 months (95% CI, 1.9-4.1 months), five patients (25%) experienced prolonged progression-free survival (>6 months), two of whom (10%) remain progression-free for >27 and >37 months, respectively. This result is particularly meaningful as all patients had progressive disease before treatment. Overall, DC vaccination was associated with a serial decline in regulatory T cells. Using an antibody array, we characterized plasma protein profiles in responding patients that may correlate with vaccine activity and report a prevaccination protein signature distinguishing responders from nonresponders.


This phase II vaccine study using mature, MCL-pulsed DCs has shown promising results and warrants further evaluation in a prospective randomized setting. (Clin Cancer Res 2009;15(24):7726-36).

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