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Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2009 Dec;163(12):1112-21. doi: 10.1001/archpediatrics.2009.205.

Efficacy of sexually transmitted disease/human immunodeficiency virus sexual risk-reduction intervention for african american adolescent females seeking sexual health services: a randomized controlled trial.

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Department of Behavioral Sciences and Health Education, Rollins School of Public Health at Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA.



To evaluate the efficacy of an intervention to reduce incident sexually transmitted disease (STD) and enhance STD/human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-preventive behaviors and psychosocial mediators.


A randomized controlled trial of an HIV prevention program.


Clinic-based sample in Atlanta, Georgia.


African American adolescent females (N = 715), aged 15 to 21 years, seeking sexual health services. Participants completed an audio computer-assisted self-interview and provided self-collected vaginal specimens for STD testing. Intervention Intervention participants received two 4-hour group sessions and 4 telephone contacts over a 12-month period, targeting personal, relational, sociocultural, and structural factors associated with adolescents' STD/HIV risk, and were given vouchers facilitating male partners' STD testing/treatment. Main Outcome Measure Incident chlamydial infections.


Over the 12-month follow-up, fewer adolescents in the intervention had a chlamydial infection (42 vs 67; risk ratio [RR], 0.65; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.42 to 0.98; P = .04) or recurrent chlamydial infection (4 vs 14; RR, 0.25; 95% CI, 0.08 to 0.83; P = .02). Adolescents in the intervention also reported a higher proportion of condom-protected sex acts in the 60 days preceding follow-up assessments (mean difference, 10.84; 95% CI, 5.27 to 16.42; P < .001) and less frequent douching (mean difference, -0.76; 95% CI, -1.15 to -0.37; P = .001). Adolescents in the intervention were also more likely to report consistent condom use in the 60 days preceding follow-up assessments (RR, 1. 41; 95% CI, 1.09 to 1.80; P = .01) and condom use at last intercourse (RR, 1.30; 95% CI, 1.09 to 1.54; P = .005). Intervention effects were observed for psychosocial mediators of STD/HIV-preventive behaviors.


Interventions for African American adolescent females can reduce chlamydial infections and enhance STD/HIV-preventive behaviors and psychosocial mediators of STD/HIV-preventive behaviors. Trial Registration Identifier: NCT00633906.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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