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Mol Aspects Med. 2010 Feb;31(1):60-74. doi: 10.1016/j.mam.2009.12.004. Epub 2009 Dec 6.

The Warburg effect and mitochondrial stability in cancer cells.

Author information

1
Institute of Environmental Medicine, Division of Toxicology, Karolinska Institutet, Box 210, Stockholm SE-17177, Sweden.

Abstract

The last decade has witnessed a renaissance of Otto Warburg's fundamental hypothesis, which he put forward more than 80 years ago, that mitochondrial malfunction and subsequent stimulation of cellular glucose utilization lead to the development of cancer. Since most tumor cells demonstrate a remarkable resistance to drugs that kill non-malignant cells, the question has arisen whether such resistance might be a consequence of the abnormalities in tumor mitochondria predicted by Warburg. The present review discusses potential mechanisms underlying the upregulation of glycolysis and silencing of mitochondrial activity in cancer cells, and how pharmaceutical intervention in cellular energy metabolism might make tumor cells more susceptible to anti-cancer treatment.

PMID:
19995572
DOI:
10.1016/j.mam.2009.12.004
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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