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J Infect Dis. 2010 Jan 15;201(2):186-9. doi: 10.1086/649568.

Evidence of bias in studies of influenza vaccine effectiveness in elderly patients.

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1
Vaccine Study Center, Kaiser Permanente, Oakland, California 94612, USA. roger.baxter@kp.org

Abstract

Although studies have shown influenza vaccines to be effective in preventing death in the elderly population, these findings may be the result of selection bias. We examined the relationship between vaccination, age, underlying morbidity, and probability of death in the upcoming year. Vaccination coverage varied in a curvilinear fashion with age, morbidity, and risk of death. Forgoing vaccination predicted death in those who had received vaccinations in the previous 5 years, but it predicted survival in patients who had never before received a vaccination. We conclude that bias is inherent in studies of influenza vaccination and death among elderly patients.

PMID:
19995265
DOI:
10.1086/649568
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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