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Am J Cardiol. 1991 Mar 1;67(6):520-6.

Influence of sympathetic stimulation and parasympathetic withdrawal on Doppler echocardiographic left ventricular diastolic filling velocities in young normal subjects.

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1
Department of Medicine, Seattle Veterans Administration Medical Center, Washington 98108.

Abstract

To determine the effects of parasympathetic withdrawal or sympathetic stimulation on Doppler echocardiographic measures of left ventricular diastolic filling, we studied 10 young normal subjects aged 21 to 29 years during separate infusions of atropine (0.8 mg followed by 0.4 mg every 10 minutes until heart rate greater than 110 beats/min or a total dose of 2 mg was attained) and epinephrine (10, 25 and 50 ng/kg/min for 12 minutes each). At the highest atropine dose, heart rate increased from 60 +/- 9 to 105 +/- 8 beats/min (mean +/- standard deviation), the diastolic filling period decreased by 61% (573 +/- 141 to 222 +/- 34 ms), the peak early (E) filling decreased 23% (77 +/- 12 to 61 +/- 11 cm/s), the peak atrial (A) filling increased 103% (40 +/- 6 to 81 +/- 17 cm/s), and the E/A ratio decreased by 60% (2.0 +/- 0.5 to 0.8 +/- 0.3) (all p less than 0.001). These alterations were not correlated to changes in systolic function, preload, blood pressure or plasma catecholamines, all of which were unchanged. However, atropine-induced changes in diastolic filling period were highly correlated to changes in E peak (r = 0.64, p less than 0.01), A peak (r = -0.95, p less than 0.001) and the E/A ratio (r = 0.93, p less than 0.001). The effects of atropine on the E/A ratio were normalized by dividing the E/A ratio by the diastolic filling period (E/A/diastolic filling period).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

PMID:
1998284
DOI:
10.1016/0002-9149(91)90015-d
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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