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Life Sci. 1991;48(11):PL43-9.

Cloning and sequencing of a human liver carboxylesterase isoenzyme.

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  • 1Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, School of Pharmacy, University of Maryland, Baltimore 21201.


A human liver lambda gt11 library was screened with antibodies raised to a purified rat liver carboxylesterase, and several clones were isolated and sequenced. The longest cDNA contained an open reading frame of 507 amino acids that represented 92% of the sequence of a mature carboxylesterase protein. This sequence possessed many structural features that are highly conserved among rabbit and rat liver carboxylesterase proteins, including Ser, His, and Asp residues that comprise the active site, two pairs of Cys residues that may participate in disulfide bond formation, and one Asn-Xxx-Thr site for N-linked carbohydrate addition. When the clone was used to probe human liver genomic DNA that had been digested with various restriction enzymes, many hybridizing bands of differing intensities were observed. The results suggest that the carboxylesterases exist as several isoenzymes in humans, and that they are encoded by multiple genes.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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