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Nucleic Acids Res. 2010 Mar;38(4):1382-91. doi: 10.1093/nar/gkp1128. Epub 2009 Dec 6.

Auxin regulation of the microRNA390-dependent transacting small interfering RNA pathway in Arabidopsis lateral root development.

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Department of Biological Science and the Basic Science Research Institute, Chun-chun Dong 300, Jang-An Gu, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon, 440-746, Korea.


MicroRNA (miR)390 cleaves the non-coding TAS3 precursor RNA for the production of tasiRNA-ARF, a group of an endogenous trans-acting small-interfering RNAs which cleave the transcripts of auxin response factor (ARF) 3/4. miR390-cleaved TAS3 RNA is polymerized and diced into tasiRNA-ARF by RNA-dependent RNA polymerase6 (RDR6) and Dicer-like4 (DCL4), respectively. tasiRNA-ARF-dependent post-transcriptional gene silencing (PTGS) of ARF3/4 is involved in auxin-mediated polarity establishment in the development of aerial lateral organs, such as leaf and flower. To understand how auxin regulates ARF4 expression, we examined auxin responsiveness of miR390 expression, which comprises a regulatory step for the biogenesis pathway of tasiRNA-ARF (the tasiRNA-ARF pathway), in Arabidopsis thaliana lateral root (LR) development. The results of this study provide evidence that miR390 expression is sensitive to TIR1-dependent transcriptional regulation and auxin concentration, and also that mutual negative-regulation between the tasiRNA-ARF pathway and ARF4 modulates the spatiotemporal expression of ARF4. We propose that, together with auxin concentration sensing through miR390 transcription, the tasiRNA-ARF pathway mediates the auxin response and ARF4-mediated LR developmental processes.

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