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Breast J. 2010 Jan-Feb;16(1):77-81. doi: 10.1111/j.1524-4741.2009.00846.x. Epub 2009 Oct 23.

Synchronous bilateral breast carcinoma in a patient with cowden syndrome: a case report with morphologic, immunohistochemical and genetic analysis.

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Research Unit, Hospital General Univrsitari d'Alacant, Alacant, Spain.


Synchronous bilateral breast carcinoma (SBBC) and early onset are important characteristics of hereditary cases. The lifetime risk for breast carcinoma in Cowden syndrome (CS) is estimated to be 25-50%. We reported a 44-year-old woman presenting SBBC and characteristic mucocutaneous lesions of CS, confirmed by PTEN gene mutation analysis. Bilateral modified mastectomy and axillary dissection were performed. Histopathologic examination revealed a moderate-differentiated invasive ductal carcinoma with mixed features of luminal A immunophenotype (Estrogen and/or Progesterone Receptors >50% and/or Ki67 < 30% of positive cells). The skin lesions showed the characteristic findings of tricholemmoma. Lack of PTEN expression was observed in all specimens. Sequencing analysis confirmed the presence of PTEN splice-acceptor site mutation in intron 8 (c.1027-2A>G), a germline mutation which had not been previously reported in CS. The patient received adjuvant chemotherapy and tamoxifen for 5 years. After 5 years of follow-up, she persists recurrence-free. SBBC with early onset suggests a hereditary predisposition. Thus, analysis of PTEN expression abnormality, easily assessed by immunohistochemistry, may be of clinical value to screen those patients with CS.

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