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J Pers Soc Psychol. 2009 Dec;97(6):1129-41. doi: 10.1037/a0017146.

The effects of chronic achievement motivation and achievement primes on the activation of achievement and fun goals.

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Department of Psychology, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32611, USA.


This research examined the hypothesis that situational achievement cues can elicit achievement or fun goals depending on chronic differences in achievement motivation. In 4 studies, chronic differences in achievement motivation were measured, and achievement-denoting words were used to influence behavior. The effects of these variables were assessed on self-report inventories, task performance, task resumption following an interruption, and the pursuit of means relevant to achieving or having fun. Findings indicated that achievement priming (vs. control priming) activated a goal to achieve and inhibited a goal to have fun in individuals with chronically high-achievement motivation but activated a goal to have fun and inhibited a goal to achieve in individuals with chronically low-achievement motivation.

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