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Ann Emerg Med. 1991 Feb;20(2):165-75.

The cardiovascular effects of cocaine.

Author information

1
Emergency Medical Services, Bellevue Hospital, New York, New York 10016.

Abstract

Cocaine use and abuse continue to overwhelm urban economic, social, and health care systems. Patients frequently present to the emergency department with life-threatening manifestations of cocaine use, including trauma, acquired immune deficiency syndrome, psychomotor agitation, and cardiovascular collapse. Adequate treatment of the cocaine-intoxicated patient requires a critical understanding of the risk-to-benefit ratios for pharmacologic, toxicologic, and surgical or obstetric interventions. The pharmacologic and physiologic bases for the vascular manifestations of cocaine toxicity and experimental evidence for treatment strategies are reviewed.

PMID:
1996800
DOI:
10.1016/s0196-0644(05)81217-x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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