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J Strength Cond Res. 2011 Jan;25(1):267-70. doi: 10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181b62c5f.

Using the load-velocity relationship for 1RM prediction.

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Department of Sports Sciences, Service of Training and Assessment of Physical Fitness, University of Liege, Liege, Belgium.


The purpose of this study was to investigate the ability of the load-velocity relationship to accurately predict a bench press 1 repetition maximum (1RM). Data from 3 different bench press studies (n = 112) that incorporated both 1RM assessment and submaximal load-velocity profiling were analyzed. Individual regression analysis was performed to determine the theoretical load at zero velocity (LD0). Data from each of the 3 studies were analyzed separately and also presented as overall group mean. Thereafter, correlation analysis provided quantification of the relationships between 1RM and LD0. Practically perfect correlations (r = ∼0.95) were observed in our samples, confirming the ability of the load-velocity profile to accurately predict bench press 1RM.

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