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Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 2009 Dec;73(12):2698-704. Epub 2009 Dec 7.

The implication of YggT of Escherichia coli in osmotic regulation.

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Department of Applied Molecular Biosciences, Graduate School of Bioagricultural Sciences, Nagoya University, Aichi, Japan.


An Escherichia coli mutant lacking three major K(+) uptake systems, Trk, Kup, and Kdp, did not grow under low K(+)and high Na(+) concentrations. The introduction of fkuA and of fkuB of a marine bacterium, Vibrio alginolyticus, has been reported to compensate for the growth defect by accelerating the rate of K(+) uptake (Nakamura, Katoh, Shimizu, Matsuba, and Unemoto, Biochim. Biophys. Acta, 1277, 201-208 (1996)). We investigated the function of unknown genes of E. coli, yggS and yggT, homologs of fkuA and fkuB respectively. E. coli TK2420 cells, which lack the three K(+) uptake systems, did not grow under high Na(+) or mannitol concentrations. The growth defect was compensated by the introduction of the yggT gene alone: yggS was not required. Here we found that YggT endowed E. coli cells with a tolerance for osmotic shock, and discuss a possible mechanism.

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