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Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 2009;2009:3341-2. doi: 10.1109/IEMBS.2009.5333197.

The Foldome in cellular force transduction.

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1
University of Pennsylvania, USA. discher@seas.upenn.edu

Abstract

The Human Genome is essentially complete, and yet the impact on how we understand physiological processes such as cellular force transduction has been minimal in part because of our inability to work from known sequence to structure, i.e. the Foldome. In order to specifically identify cytoskeletal proteins that change conformation or assembly in stressed versus static cells, in situ labeling of sterically-shielded or 'cryptic' cysteines with fluorophores is analyzed by quantitative mass spectrometry, sequential two-dye labeling, and fluorescence imaging. Within red blood cells, shotgun labeling shows that shielded cysteines in the two isoforms of the cytoskeletal protein spectrin are increasingly labeled as a function of shear stress and time, indicative of forced unfolding of specific domains. Within mesenchymal stem cells - as a prototypical nucleated cell - non-muscle myosin IIA and vimentin are just two of the cytoskeletal proteins identified that show differential labeling in tensed versus drug-relaxed cells. Cysteine labeling of proteins within live cells can thus be used to fluorescently map out sites of molecular-scale deformation, and the results also suggest means to co-localize signaling events such as phosphorylation with forced unfolding.

PMID:
19964073
DOI:
10.1109/IEMBS.2009.5333197
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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